Saturday, August 14, 2010

Only on the fifth (!) DAY EMPLOYEES Nezhinsky boarding an ambulance "for disabled children, Dying of unknown infection

August 14, 2010, Saturday

Total disease killed five and put on a hospital bed 15 helpless inmates institution. On the facts of the prosecutor's office opened a criminal case

The preliminary diagnosis, which in Chernihiv city hospital since 11 August, there were people with disabilities from Nezhin orphanage - acute respiratory viral infection. In intensive care and infectious disease clinic were taken 15 pupils of this institution, the press service of Ministry of Emergencies.

As told yesterday "facts" in Nezhin boarding school for children with lesions of the central nervous system for five days from an unknown infection died five inmates of this institution at the age of 10 to 19 years.The first child died on August 7. But the orphanage staff went to doctors only on the fourth (!) Day - August 11, died when four more casualties. Only after that agency staff informed about what is happening in the hospital, where the "emergency" brought 15 more immobilized and helpless patients with fever and a rash.

- Symptoms in children are the same - high fever, rash in the joints and swelling of the brain. How to set pathologists, he became the cause of death - said "The fact that" the main gossanvrach Chernihiv Oblast Nikolay Donets.

A total of 116 boarding students. There is a children's group (ages four to 18 years) and youth group (ages 18 to 35 years). All of them with severe lesions of the central nervous system. 23 children who have parents who dismantled their homes. For the rest of the medical surveillance is conducted daily, twice a day temperature is measured. In a boarding put mask mode, carried out disinfection. Restaurant closed for admission of new pupils. Now experts Sanitary and Epidemiological conduct histological investigations of bacteriological material. Results will be known within 14 days, and only then will we call the final diagnosis.

According to the Ministry of Health, the ten victims diagnosed with SARS, two of them - bronchitis, the other three - pneumonia. Organisms may not stand the jumping body temperature, more so against a background of intense heat.

How did you know "Facts" from a source close to the laboratory conducting the study selected patients with the material, the main focus is to determine which group of acute respiratory viruses come from a deadly infection. Earlier doctors ruled out the likelihood that the children died of influenza viruses, and assumed that the perpetrators of mass death and disease was herpes virus (sounded version of chickenpox to infectious mononucleosis or herpes meningitis), the laboratory said that he first heard about it . With regard to respiratory viral infections, they are so numerous that to establish a definitive diagnosis requires time.

Meanwhile, President Viktor Yanukovych instructed the Prosecutor General Oleksandr Medvedko until Aug. 29 to examine the causes of death of children in boarding school.

Yesterday, the Interfax-Ukraine ", with reference to a source in the Chernigov hospital reported that the Deputy Head of Presidential Administration Anna Herman expressed a desire courted in the hospital for child victims.

Nezhinskaya district prosecutor's office opened a criminal investigation into child deaths under the Criminal Code, "Improper performance of duties concerning the protection of life and health of children" and "professional misconduct by the medical or pharmaceutical workers


Date: Fri 13 Aug 2010
Source: Daily Telegraph [edited]

Vampire bats attack 500 people
Rabid vampire bats have attacked more than 500 people in Peru's Amazon. The
attacks occurred in the village of Urakusa, in north eastern Peru, where
the indigenous [Aguaruna] tribe lives. At least 4 people [previously
reported to be children] are believed to have succumbed to rabies as a
result. Medical supplies and vaccines to treat those infected with rabies
have been sent to the tribe. Health teams are looking for people in
communities within 6 miles (10 km) of the outbreak who were attacked by
bats any time in the last 6 months.

Jose Bustamante, a Health Ministry official, said 97 per cent of the 508
people who were bitten have begun receiving an anti-rabies vaccination. It
is expected that the rest -- some of whom have rejected treatment -- will
be vaccinated in the next few days.

Rabies, a virus that causes acute inflammation of the brain, is usually
spread to humans by dog bites and has an incubation period that can last
several months.

communicated by:

[This report confirms a previous report that 4 children have been victims
of vampire bat transmitted rabies (see ProMED-mail Rabies, vampire bat,
human - Peru (02): (AS) susp 20100810.2743) and further reveals that a
total of 508 people are known to have been bitten by vampire bats and have
or are about to receive rabies post-exposure prophylaxis treatment.

The victims are members of the Aguaruna tribe, 25 000 to 30 000 of whom
live in dispersed settlements along the Maranon, Nieve, Potro, Mayo,
Cahuapanas, Cenepa, and Santiago rivers and their tributaries, at
elevations of 200 to 1000 metres (650-3300 ft), in the Amazonas region of
Peru. They make their living primarily by swidden (slash and burn)
horticulture, although some also raise livestock, which may have brought
them into contact with vampire bats.

The original press report is illustrated by a striking photograph of a
vampire bat.

A map showing the location of the Amazonas region in northern Peru can be
accessed at <>.
The HealthMap/ProMED-mail interactive map of Peru is available at
<>. - Mod.CP]

Cambodia - Disease in pig herd

12 Aug 2010

In its regular updates, the society said that an unknown number of pigs had died in the provinces of Battambang and Kampong Cham, while nearly 150 have perished in the southern province of Kampot.

Health officials said the disease appears to be bacterial, making an outbreak of pandemic H1N1, sometimes called swine flu, unlikely.
On Monday, August 2, officials began blood tests of pigs in Kampot, where the latest and most severe outbreak has occurred.
Blood tests
"On Saturday, August 1, we started the blood tests on seven pigs," said Kao Phal, director of the animal health department of the Ministry of Agriculture. "But until now we do not know exactly the disease that happened to the pigs is."
"The animal health department is also appealing to farmers not to transport any pigs from their farms to market for the rest of the month of August, he said."

Quarantine on "Sakha of Animal Production" after injury "Brucellosis"

Saturday, August 14th, 2010 - 10:54

The imposition of quarantine station "Sakha Animal Production," and "training module on the production of milk," quarantined after a positive sample of 14 buffalo cows and illness "Brucellosis."

The National Cancer Institute in the pyramid, the Ministry of Agriculture has sent a letter No. 923 dated 28 \ 7 \ 2010 confirmed the positive samples of cases sent by the Agricultural Research Station Bscha, and demonstrated that animals infected with "Brucellosis", and recommended to take all sanitary measures and legal issues of veterinary quarantine.

Dr. Ghazi Sakr, director of public health and disease and ex-Joint Director of the Waste Management Department is currently of Veterinary Medicine in Kafr El-Sheikh, that there are three spots at the Bella Center and Motobos Hamul and hit the animal disease "Brucellosis."

The hawk that this serious disease that affects the liver cirrhosis, affects men as permanent sterility, and grams of water that falls from the situation at birth 10 million microbe infect one million people infected in the case of mixing.

Falcon revealed that the Director of the Directorate of Veterinary Medicine, Dr. Farid Jaafar has knowledge, and when ordered by the Minister of Agriculture and the spread of disease foci issued a decree took me after the date of the samples proved

Avian influenza - situation in Egypt - update 36

12 August 2010 -- The Ministry of Health of Egypt has announced a new human case of A(H5N1) avian influenza infection.

The case is a 2 year-old female from Elsalam district, Cairo. She developed symptoms on 2 August, was hospitalized on the same day and received oseltamivir treatment. She is currently under treatment in hospital.

Investigations into the source of infection indicated that the case had exposure to sick and dead poultry.

The case was confirmed by the Egyptian Central Public Health Laboratories, a National Influenza Center of the WHO Global Influenza Surveillance Network (GISN).

Of the 111 laboratory confirmed cases of Avian influenza A(H5N1) reported in Egypt, 35 have been fatal.

reported here on august 5th

Thursday, August 5, 2010

Egypt vaccine for bird flu

For its part, said Dr. Mona Mehrez President Animal Health Research Institute Agricultural Research Center, experts and scientists of the Institute have succeeded recently in access to effective vaccine to combat avian influenza, and may be reached for composition, after collecting samples from all over the country and its provinces, and then be selected isolates according to plan of fact, developed in collaboration with the Board and National Laboratory for control of poultry production to collect this isolates from all types of birds all over Egypt, villages and farms and are then genetic analysis of these isolates, the place where the process of selecting isolated which are more prevalent or mutation to make the vaccine effective.

It adds that are now being put up its production locally in an international tender decided by the Council of Ministers through the Ministry of Finance about 40 million pounds for the production of almost a billion doses of vaccine at the beginning of the first production line of global and domestic vaccine production in Egypt, instead of importing it views several.

The Mona Mehrez to it - for the first time in Egypt's history - Agreement on the production of vaccine and one and only chosen according to the consensus views of all representatives, scholars and experts of the veterinary research and laboratory in Egypt instead of producing 22 vaccines locally process was used result in significant losses in both wealth of domestic commercial or rural areas, and this is all in order to uphold the best interests of Egypt and unite the efforts of scientists are agreed that they not be using this vaccine only through the General Authority for Veterinary Services in collaboration with the laboratory of reference for the production of poultry and through the availability of the procedures of reference and a test challenge by Laboratory Reference to the Central Organization for Control of veterinary products.

It adds Mehrez that it is being tested is actually under the technical supervision of the plant, and all of this was through the unanimous approval of scholars Egyptian universities, the National Center for Research and the General Authority for Veterinary Services, the labs and all the Veterinary Laboratories until he was selected for vaccine Animal Health Research Institute Dokki.

And Dr Garhi to form committees with the problem of immediate authority's experts, scientists, Animal Health Research Institute to take samples of the population or the house of the situation affected either by winning on swabs of the trachea of infected birds or in nearby houses are then culling infected show any symptoms are then Alttehr full, complete and good for the place.

Adds Dr. Mona Mehrez, after the results of the analysis in our labs from survey samples that were at the site of injury, which is accompanied by access to adequate information on sources of breeding birds and history of genetic and, if proven positive situation for the sample in the lab is a program of finding active within a radius of half a kilo meters for early detection of any other injury early in the vicinity of the site of injury positive.

Mehrez and stresses that it is currently implementing the program in all parts of Egypt as well as to support the Ministry of Communications and a map of the farm sites and all aspects of the production process, a series of birds in preparation for the development of the first map and epidemic in Egypt.

Mehrez and draws attention to it so far - in cooperation with the Ministry in the provinces of October, Giza - 93 data raise the farm, and 81 Mdzra, and markets, and Mfarraka, and 60 veterinary units, and centers of poultry, and will continue to raise This map data in all governorates of the republic to be under the hands of decision makers as a database full and comprehensive help in any decision to face and deal with any disease or sudden mutations of viruses that cause diseases in record time.

And according to head of the General Authority for Veterinary Services that since 1997 there are no symptoms of hoof cracked between farm animals in Egypt, adding that it is one of the usual endemic diseases that are dealing with the symptoms and control through the availability of immunity against the disease in all strains our animals in Egypt.

Ho Chi Minh City more than seven billion support for prevention and ear diseases

Updated on 15-08-2010 02:50

-------------------------------------------------- ------------------------------
ND - In order to control the rapidly spreading epidemic diseases ear, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development to direct the agricultural sector and the local veterinary announced earlier levels of support services ear damage caused to the green City alone. Uniform level of support is 25,000 VND per kg, a locality will be more than 50% of government support, any local problems they must immediately notify the Central Government to be resolved promptly.

Ho Chi Minh City People's Committee has just officially signed Decision No. 3817/UBND-CNN agreed to spend over seven billion for prevention of blue ear pig herds in some districts on the city. Accordingly, funding for prevention services in 2010, focuses on assisting livestock losses to five billion; the remainder will be the cost of chemicals, treatment facilities and foster the participating forces. The district: Cu Chi, Binh Chanh, Hoc Mon, Binh Tan District 12 is the local level will be the amount of 6.676 billion. City Animal Health Department also will be granted an amount of 377.036 million.

An Giang province has just announced the blue ear epidemic in My Hoa Hung commune (Long Xuyen). Department of Agriculture and Rural Development to coordinate the functional focus of technical personnel, facilities, supplies, veterinary drugs quickly surrounded the outbreak, extinguish the outbreak, implementation of anti epidemic across provinces, not in time to prevent the spread of the commune, other districts; implement policies to support prevention and blue ear disease at the levels set.

Dong Thap province has just had emergency meeting focused on extinguishing the green ear epidemic in Khanh Trung commune, Tan (Lap Vo). The province requires all branches and levels need to focus, strengthen the control over the slaughter, sale, transportation of animals and animal products, strict handling of violations. In addition, consolidation of the Steering Committee for prevention at all levels; assigned responsibility for monitoring disease communal authorities, wards, towns and conduct quarantine and treatment of sick pigs to detect, destroy children infected by the regulations.

Vampire bats attack in Peru

Saturday, August 14, 2010 » 06:06pm

Vampire bats infected with rabies have attacked more than 500 people in Peru - sparking an outbreak of the disease that has apparently killed four children.

The flying mammals, which bite then lick the blood of their victims, swooped on villagers in the northeastern Urakusa region, where the Aguajun tribe lives.

Peruvian health ministry official Jose Bustamente said four children are thought to have died from rabies as a result.

He said medical supplies and vaccines to treat those infected have been sent to the tribe.

Rabies, a virus that causes acute inflammation of the brain, is usually spread to humans by dog bites.

It has an incubation period that can last several months.

Health teams are looking for people in communities within six miles of the jungle outbreak who have been attacked by bats in the past six months.

Mr Bustamente said 97% of the 508 people who were bitten have begun receiving an anti-rabies vaccination.

It is expected that the rest - some of whom have rejected treatment - will be vaccinated in the next few days.

PRRS and rural environment

15/08/2010 00:59

News media said today has 21 provinces and cities across the country are blue ear pig with over 120 thousand pigs were infected.
However, according to MARD, the recent meeting in HCM City on 13/08, the prevention of blue ear disease is now facing many difficulties because no effective vaccine.

Ministry requires only local review the disease situation to deal with measures such as "stepping up propaganda, as well as the declaration is translated, and controls to prevent the transport of infected pigs Blue ear epidemic out of the area ... "and" strict implementation of the animal quarantine and control of slaughtering pigs, with special attention to transport pigs and pork products in unprocessed local ...".

Prior to any situation and in this operation returns, according to our above-mentioned measures of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and the recommendations of the Animal Health Department is still dealing nature, prevent, including enough vaccines, rather than from the original room.

Mr. Phan Xuan Thao - Heads of Sub-City Animal Health Department said an important information: "What today is the most dangerous viruses causing PRRS PRRS in circulation both in animals and the environment numbers increased 10 times, but forces the function check and supervision so thin, can not check the source of all pigs from other provinces into ...". Also in Hai Duong province, according to Nhan Dan newspaper, from mid-April and has had blue ear pig but no power to fetch water washing cages, the disease spread as quickly because of environmental pollution ...
Thus, the rural environment is polluted both factors cause a condition has spread in recent years. Everyone knows disorder pig reproduction and respiratory (PRRS), also known as blue ear pig disease. This is an infectious disease dangerous to pigs caused by viruses. Epidemic virus in nasal, saliva, semen, feces, urine and dispersed into the environment by transporting pigs with the disease (virus in the wind can travel to 3 km), dust, saliva, farming tools and instruments of labor protection infection, artificial insemination, due to some type of wild birds and especially the flies ...

That in the rural environment now, flies are a problem because garbage is not collected and thrown indiscriminately, by raising the lack of household sanitation. The odor from livestock manure is spread through the house from other houses, but as a livelihood, the government is ultimately problematic.

So, before swine blue ear epidemic is raging from year to year causing hard times for poor people, in addition to seeking effective vaccines and other administrative measures to stop, think first of all matters set ultimately solve the environmental pollution in rural areas now need to be put on top of both the government and investors aware of the people.

'Insufficient' looking blue ear pig spread

Updated at: 9:54 AM, 14/08/2010
With nearly 36,000 blue ear pig disease has killed and destroyed, agricultural damage throughout the country thousands of billion dong.
However, the agricultural sector and local authorities are still not making effective measures against the epidemic, in addition to propaganda, ditches and destroyed pig respiratory disease.
Meanwhile, according to local reports at the conference "Implementation of urgent measures to prevent blue ear disease" by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development held in HCM City yesterday, the disease situation that is not relieved We have a strong tendency outbreak spread faster.

Damage increases with speed transmission

According to his calculations Cao Van Hoa, Deputy Director of Agriculture and Rural Development in Tien Giang province, local heaviest suffered by the blue ear pig, with 14,800 dead and destroyed (nearly 50% of pig disease country), the loss of over 500 billion. If this includes damage to services trade, slaughter, transport, the amount of damage up to 1,000 billion.

Thus, nearly 36,000 pigs were killed and destroyed in 21 provinces and cities have service (up to this point) of the farmers claimed more than 2,000 billion VND. According to information from his chemistry, sources of pork and Tien Giang provinces almost no time, we have the fears of consumers purchasing a pig disease, while other markets are also limited. But consumption of resources that farmers expect a price drop in HCMC also tragic. The provincial leaders are thought to concentrate the slaughter, and frozen pork to health resources, to minimize damage to people.

The support for the herd is destroyed, many localities are very inadequate.
Photo: Chau Thanh

But according to representatives of DARD Hau Giang province, although only published translation Nga Bay in the town two days ago, but with changes in disease spread rapidly as now, then again some day, probably Late Jiang service will be announced across the province. "We have done enough" all "and still coming but translation and more powerful. We recommend all of his herd destroyed, if in a few children now sick, but folded to treat diseases of pigs is very local, "you said.

The management of animal feed is now loose as well as promote the causes disease spread. In almost all provinces, bran in the pig after pig farm service are destroyed, farms and brought back the agent, the agent is brought back to sell to other camps, in which germs spread.

With Chairman Vo Lam Phi Khanh Hoa province to declare the epidemic began on 6 / 8 at 6 communes of four districts, with nearly 200 sick pigs. But just over a week, on 13 / 8, had 36 communes in 6 districts with nearly 3,000 infected pigs.

With the situation spread too fast, only a few days, the disease will "cover" the province, except the district of Changsha. Khanh Hoa new disease destroyed 1303 pigs, 1700 pigs still awaiting destruction and disease remains unpredictable happenings. Estimated funding only anti-epidemic, Khanh Hoa need 11 billion.

Translate race disaster

Bring to bear the suffering of the local damage due to years of service time may also, Nguyen Thanh Quang, director of DARD of Quang Nam province, urgent: "Do not know what that reason three, four years , Quang Nam in any "sticky" service. When the service detects the area, have used the veterinary control measures, such as disinfection, sterilization, destruction of pig death and burial of the correct method, then slaughter inspection, but did not prevent .

Currently, the province has nearly 600,000 children herd. Not translated through the flood season is coming, Quang Nam people now sitting on the fire, because they need early to avoid consumption of natural disaster damage. But with events like this disease, we do not know what to do. "

Minister Cao Duc Phat to eat pork at the conference with the message "Do not boycott the pork!"

"We can say the fight against PRRS herd is nearly over as we're not using your hands. We only know there are excellent reef, only a few pesticides with lime! ". Agriculture and Rural Development Minister Cao Duc Phat.

With the Mekong Delta, which is where the outbreak was powerful and complicated, the current local government is very difficult to foresee the ability to control the epidemic. This region is beginning to flood, those that are translated are difficult in the destruction or burial.

Many places were identified pig disease floating around the canals, making the risk of epidemic spin out of control. Now in Ho Chi Minh City, Department of Animal Health are very tired every day determined to go salvage pig disease in canals bordering the provinces of Long An win for destruction, the people thrown into the service, even where the epidemic has not yet appeared . HCM City concerned not know the ability to "hold focus" is to day.

Combat experience and service with bureaucracy?

Mr. Nguyen Tung, deputy director of the Center for veterinary diagnostic Central Bureau of Animal Health, said: At this point, not a vaccine of blue ear pig virus. If impatient people, voluntarily purchase vaccine for pigs vaccinated elsewhere, the pig still sick, still dead. Department of Veterinary not have any recommendations on vaccine use. World has also advised not to use green ear vaccine efficiency.

According to Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Cao Duc Phat, because so far, all vaccines that Vietnam will not be effective, or not long-time effects, anti-epidemic work should be mainly based on practical experience local policy measures from previous outbreaks. Mr. Phat also said that in a survey of local service these days, where detection of pig disease to occur, the government dead, veterinary agencies discovered. Then it's too late, services have spread to many households.

Recommendations for patients with dried and then crushed pork as food for cattle, who proposed this solution that pathogenic blue ear virus exists only at temperatures below 650C, if cooked in boiling water, then completely 1000C eliminate the ability to cause disease. Minister Cao Duc Phat said that if considering the safety of these measures may be feasible to apply.

Add another reason that the situation is difficult to control because some provinces do not uniformly support price for the herd must be destroyed. Provincial support is 25,000 kg of a pig, but also consciously support only 15,000 to 20,000 dong per kg ... lead to traders, people move pigs from low to support where support is higher, Agriculture and Rural Development or pig disease stalk the market.

According to Minister Le Huy Ngo, in many localities, by limiting the propaganda, people are dead pig epidemic must be destroyed not know that they are supported by the State. Traders took advantage of this psychological pressure, causing people to sneak pork sold for $ 500,000 contract service / baby weighing 1000 kg, while bringing destruction can support more than 2 million.

Mr. Pham Xuan Thao, Department of Animal Health Department HCMC, said the test herd imported from other provinces in HCM City recently, almost all the sample results are for viral pathogens, while permit from the provincial animal health agencies when exported are certified healthy pigs sources. The reason for this is because dealers license healthy pigs, but pig disease to go underground consumption, in order to collect your profits.

"Everyday I also eat pork!"

Mr. Phat stressed, though complex disease, but to be source swine veterinary inspection bodies, certification and quarantine clear, then people can secure to use. Do not worry, excessive pork boycott. "Everyday I also eat pork!" He said Phat.

Nguyen Phuoc Trung, deputy director of HCMC Department of Agriculture and Rural Development said the city had planned Affairs Department of Trade and Industry, Agriculture and Rural Development organized the acquisition of pig enterprises, aiming to stabilize prices and stabilize the market. Anything consumed immediately, the consumer, otherwise reserve, the translation is to make consumption of meat, for sure after this severe outbreak, schools would be the lack of pork.

Despite not making the solution effective prevention and control, but to avoid damage, it was suggested that, should treat swine disease by bringing about the plant, dried, finely ground to feed. A factory in Binh Duong province has also accepted this approach, however, required to make boiled pig disease before putting on the factory. However, many people are concerned how this data is safe in case the virus does not cause death?. Minister Cao Duc Phat, the proposed local research and provide excellent measures soon, can be applied to many places.

Disease suspected in deaths of young cormorants

By Marshall Helmberger

An apparent outbreak of disease has taken a toll on young double-crested cormorants on Lake Vermilion’s Potato Island.

More than 50 of the young birds were found dead this week by a tribal biologist, and others were found with symptoms of neurological damage. The symptoms were similar to Newscastle’s Disease, an avian virus that has taken a toll on cormorant populations elsewhere in Minnesota, but DNR wildlife veterinarian Erika Butler said the actual cause of the bird deaths on Lake Vermilion likely won’t be confirmed for 2-3 weeks.

Newcastle’s Disease mostly affects juvenile birds, and it has proven particularly virulent among cormorant populations. The population of cormorants on Lake Vermilion has increased sharply in recent years, a development that has created concerns for anglers, who view the cormorants as competitors for game fish.

A total of 307 cormorant nests were discovered on Potato Island earlier this year, so the deaths of 50 young birds is unlikely to have much impact on the cormorant population. “It will slow down recruitment this year,” said Butler.

First cholera case in flood-stricken Pakistan

12:27 15/08/2010
OUTBREAK: The United Nations has confirmed the first case of cholera in flood-stricken Pakistan.
Pakistan's Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani said yesterday 20 million people had been affected by the worst floods in the country's history as the UN confirmed the first cholera case.

Independence day celebrations were cancelled as floods continued to bring misery to millions and aid agencies warned of a ''second wave'' of deaths from disease.

''The floods affected about 20 million people, destroyed standing crops and food storages worth billions of dollars, causing colossal loss to the national economy,'' Mr Gilani said in a televised address to the nation.

''I would appeal to the world community to extend a helping hand to fight this calamity.''

The United Nations has appealed for $US460 million ($513 million) to deal with the immediate aftermath of the floods, but charities say the figure falls far short of what is needed.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon was due to arrive in Pakistan late yesterday to discuss the relief effort and visit flood-hit areas.

''This is the worst-ever calamity for us and the entire nation will have to show courage to face it,'' Mr Gilani said.

''I am pretty confident that the nation will once again emerge victorious from this crisis.

''Outbreak of epidemics in the flood-hit areas is a serious threat, which can further compound the already grave situation.''

''There has been at least one cholera confirmed case in Mingora,'' said Maurizio Giuliano, spokesman for the UN Office for Humanitarian Affairs, referring to the main town in the north-western district of Swat.

Mr Giuliano said at least 36,000 people were reportedly suffering from acute watery diarrhoea.

''We're not suggesting that everyone who has acute watery diarrhoea has cholera, but cholera is certainly a concern and that's why we're stepping up our efforts to treat cholera,'' he said.

Charities said relief for those affected by the worst natural disaster in Pakistan's history was lagging far behind what was needed.

''There are millions of people needing food, clean water and medical care and they need it right now,'' said Jacques de Maio, head of operations for South Asia at the International Committee of the Red Cross.

''Clearly at this point in time, the overall relief effort cannot keep pace with the overall scale of the emergency,'' he said.

Humanitarian agencies in Pakistan were monitoring the risk of ''a second wave of deaths induced by the floods in the shape of water-borne diseases'', Mr de Maio said, adding that it was impossible to measure the full scale of the disaster.

Pigs in Indonesia have asymptomatic H5N1 infections

An international team of researchers reports finding asymptomatic H5N1 avian influenza infections in pigs in Indonesia in 2005, 2006, and 2007, suggesting that the animals offer the virus an opportunity to adapt to mammals. The team sampled pigs in several areas of Indonesia during three rainy seasons: January and February 2005, October 2006 to February 2007, and November 2008 to April 2009, according to their early-release report in Emerging Infectious Diseases (EID). They found H5N1 viruses in 52 of 702 samples (7.4%). All the positive samples were collected in the first two seasons and came from areas where poultry outbreaks of H5N1 had occurred. None of the pigs showed signs of flu-like illness at the time of sample collection.

A phylogenetic analysis showed that the viruses had been introduced into pigs in Indonesia on at least three occasions. The researchers also found one isolate that had the ability to recognize human-type virus receptors. "Our data suggest that pigs are at risk for infection during outbreaks of influenza virus A(H5N1) and can serve as intermediate hosts in which the virus can adapt to mammals," they conclude.
Early-release EID report

Time for the U.S. and its allies to stop doing the abuse of Indonesia and recognizing the need to reform the delivery system of virus so that developi

Starting from the test at the Great Hall of Quality Testing and Certification of Veterinary Drugs (BPMSOH), Serpong, Tangerang, the end of January 2004, certain subtypes of bird flu virus in Indonesia. A number of researchers conducted the last test to determine the virus subtype. The presence of the bird flu virus continues to mutate to be found in pigs and presumably in humans. - "
Thus an article written Edward Hammod, U.S. policy researchers, 12 August at Immunocompetent site. He was not willing to accept papers Richard Holbrooke and Laurie Garrett titled "'Sovereignty' That Risks Global Health" at U.S. daily, the Washington Post, August 10, 2008 edition.

Holbrooke is now the President of the Global Business Coalition on HIV / AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria. Previously he was U.S. ambassador to the UN. Garrett is a Pulitzer-winning journalist and senior researcher at the Council on Foreign Relations, U.S..

Holbrooke and Garrett Hammond criticized because of articles criticizing the harsh attitude of sturdy former Health Minister Siti Fadilah Supari. Former Minister of Health refused to surrender the bird flu virus samples, which targeted a number of global pharmaceutical corporation, by reason of it is the right of the sovereign state of Indonesia which is protected in accordance with international law.

Holbrooke and Garrett attacking attitude Siti citing "sovereignty" to give a global health risk. The reason, the bird flu virus in Indonesia that could be transmitted lintar national borders, spreading the disease globally. The sample finally submitted to the World Health Organization (WHO) by RI.

In essence, Hammond would like to remind the virus through his article that the ownership of any immunity based on state sovereignty. "Clearly, the two authors was mistaken because it ignores just like that, especially, 20 years of time discussing the Convention on Biological Diversity, which along with the various international instruments recognize the sovereignty of a country over genetic resources, including microbes. Viruses, was no exception, is the ownership of genetic resources oeh strengthened the country's sovereignty, whether Holbrooke and Garrett want to admit it or not. "

Hammond reminded, in a discussion about the convention of biological diversity that he was present, and Holbrooke was never involved in discussions. Holbrooke and Garrett was also writes that the WHO has asked the global pharmaceutical companies not to exploit it for commercial purposes genetics.

Why the bird flu virus this issue became prominent in certain circles observer genetic resources? "Virus-virus, for vaccine-producing company, is an important resource," said Managing Director Biofarma Iskandar, who recently hosted an international conference about the vaccine.

Hammond admits, though there are issues of sovereignty, transfer of viruses can be carried out sampling scheme based on the material transfer agreement (MTA). Based on the MTA, submission of samples of viruses just for the sake of research, not development to commercialization.

Writing WHO website, a new vaccine for the H5N1 strain combinations have been developed by the WHO Collaborating Center for the Surveillance, Epidemiology and Control of Influenza at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (WHO CC), Atlanta, USA, with ingredients from A/Egypt/2321 -NAMRU3/2007.

Obtained patents

Namru is an abbreviation of the U.S. Naval Research Unit Medica, who is also doing business in Indonesia. WHO expressed gratitude to the Egyptian Health Ministry who are willing to hand over virus samples. The New England Journal of Medicine published Baxter International Inc., which is listed on stock exchanges in New York, USA, produces the vaccine candidate from the body neutralize the H5N1 virus, related to bird flu.

Hammond wrote in his article, which rejected the Washington Post, that the evidence appears contradictory. Although the WHO confirms the results do not happen commercialization virus research, in fact, some companies have patents registered in the U.S. and international patent agencies on hundreds of genetic sequence of H5N1, which has been freely submitted by Indonesia and other countries.

One vaccine by using strains in Vietnam has obtained a patent license. "These companies intend to make a profit from the sale of vaccines and Indonesia and other countries do not receive anything," says Hammond.

There are five large corporate pharmaceutical world, the Johnson & Johnson, Pfizer, GSK, Novartis and Sanofi-Aventis, in addition to Wyatt. Not mentioned whether this company is profitable also included.

In addition to the delivery problem pergelutan virus samples, pharmaceutical corporations, and global non-pharmaceutical presence also realize the great benefits of the forests in developing countries, including Amazon.

Raintree Nutrition, a U.S. company on its Web site detailing about the positive benefits of forest products for pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical industry.

Corporate responsibility

Observers of the wealth of biological experts like Jim Chamberlain, Robert Bush and AL Hammett in his article entitled "Non-Timber Forest Products" poured benefits of forest products and U.S. corporate profits earned from the exploitation of biological richness of tropical forests.

All this reminds us of the Economics Nobel Prize-winning article in 2001, Joseph E Stiglitz, titled "Scrooge and intellectual property rights" in the British Medical Journal (BMJ), December 23, 2006.

He wrote that the Uruguay round in 1995 moved to establish a World Trade Organisation (WTO), which applies to U.S. style intellectual property rights throughout the country. This aims to reduce access to generic drugs and succeeded. As a result, billions of people could not afford medicines they need because they have to pay patent .... This is also supported by WHO.

Sad increasingly more by reading an article dated June 1, 2006 "Neoliberalism and the Environmental in Latin America", which essentially impose liberalization in Latin America, where free enterprise penetrated the forests of Latin America which then displaces the Amazon forests. Diana M Liverman and Silvina Vilas from Oxfor University, England, on December 31, 2008 presents the worst examples of liberalization for the biological richness of Latin America.

This makes the Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, has sued the global corporate responsibility through the analysis in the paper entitled "The Struggle for Corporate Accountability." Assessed global corporations only think about profit without the payoff for developing countries.

The problem is no longer whether we should believe it or not, about the hidden hands of corporate globalization in which berbalutkan mendompleng market mechanism and globalization. The problem now is how we must protect our biological riches from the advancing globalization of the pendompleng found not only after the mineral wealth, but also to the virus and mikroba.Menurut Hammond, closely monitor China's manipulation cases like that now strengthen self-defense.


Published Date 14-AUG-2010

ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases

Date: Fri 13 Aug 2010
Source: Agence France-Presse [edited]

The death of a 29 year old woman from pneumonic plague has brought the
number of plague victims in Peru to 3 in 2 months, the health ministry
said. The woman, who had been seriously ill for 36 days before succumbing
to the plague in the coastal province of Ascope, some 325 miles (520
kilometres) north west of Lima, died in hospital on Thursday [12 Aug 2010].

Since late June 2010 another 2 deaths were from bubonic plague, officials
said; and 31 more people have been infected. Health minister Oscar Ugarte
blamed the situation on the expansion of farming in the region that ha
prompted rodent infestations in nearby towns.

The last outbreak of bubonic plague in northern Peru was in 1994, which
killed 35 people and infected more than 1100 others.

communicated by:

[There have been discrepancies in the reports of the number of total cases,
21 or 31 and the number of fatalities. This posting reports 31 total cases
and a now 3rd fatality, a previously reported case. - Mod.LL

Declaran emergency Liberty for 60 days for cases of plague

Saturday, August 14, 2010 17:03 hrs

Provision states that the measure corresponds to face the cases of the disease, mainly in sectors where there is higher incidence
The regional government of La Libertad emergency declared in the northern department for 60 days to deal with cases of bubonic plague and pneumonic plague by an ordinance published today in the journal Legal Standards of Official Journal El Peruano.

The provision states that the measure corresponds to face the cases of the disease, mainly in sectors where there is a higher incidence of dispensing and administrative procedures in order to optimize the logistical support.

Also available to implement and execute on a priority basis the contingency plan developed and adopted by the Regional Health Management, in recognition of the declaration of emergency to deal with cases of bubonic or pneumonic plague in La Libertad.

Notes that the presence of the plague epidemic in the district bubóonica Chicama, in the province of Ascope, from which the index case of pneumonic plague, it is necessary to strengthen health services and community participation.

The Ministry of Health (MoH) announced today via a press release, that the outbreak of plague in the department of La Libertad is under control, due to the technical assistance.

By coordinated action across sectors and international agencies
13:38 outbreak of plague in La Libertad is controlled, Ministry of Health reports

Lima, ago. 14 (ANDINA). The Ministry of Health (MoH) reported that the outbreak of plague in the department of La Libertad is under control, due to the technical assistance that continues to provide the sector, as well as prevention and control measures against this evil that implements and reinforces Libertad regional government.
A report by the General Directorate of Health Promotion Minsa, specialist in charge of Hamilton García Díaz, underlines the commitment of the Chamber of Commerce of La Libertad with the National Health Strategy (NSS Zoonoses) to strengthen prevention work takes place in ports and slaughterhouses, to control rodents in their establishments.

Business Guild President, Victor Peralta, said that in total are available to support action that promotes the MoH and the Regional Health Management.

He said this week convened its members to act immediately in support of disease control.

Technical assistance has the support of specialists from the MoH and the World Health Organization (WHO) and Pan American Health Organization (PAHO).

Meanwhile, the MoH will continue to monitor the actions of epidemiological surveillance, vector control, fumigation and trapping rodents and fleas for the presence of Yersinia pestis and strengthen surveillance and vector control, since there are still areas of African wildlife reservoirs .

This task is in charge of the Department of Epidemiology, National Institute of Health, Directorate General of Health (Digesa), Directorate General of Health of the People (DGSP) and the Directorate General of Health Promotion (DGPS).

On the treatment of people affected is free in all cases of bubonic plague, including hospitalization. In addition, 100 percent of the family and hospital contacts have been identified and have been given antibiotic prophylaxis treatment, according to the MoH.

The average incubation period of pneumonic plague is three days, for that reason intensified biosecurity measures in hospitals to prevent further infections.

He points out that mid-July a workshop was held macro-regional epidemiological database for monitoring, control and prevention of plague in northern Peru, in order to optimize pest control plans, and the areas involved Piura, Sullana, Lambayeque, La Libertad and Cajamarca and others.

Among the measures recommended to address the outbreak of plague include not eliminate rodents during the presentation of the outbreak of the plague, because release of fleas increases the risk of spread of the disease.

Make the proper storage of crops in rodent-proof granaries, adequate disposal of waste (sanitary burial), as well as food in rodent-proof containers.

Also improve the structure of the rodent-proof homes (Eliminate holes, cracks, routes of entry over the ceilings, etc.), among others.

MOH and WHO are working together to contain an outbreak of bubonic plague

August 14, 2010 • 9:49

Three people have died in the last two months in Peru by the outbreak of bubonic plague and pneumonic plague that affects mainly the north.

According to Health Minister Oscar Ugarte, more than 30 people infected by the disease, he said, "is under control."

Of the three deaths, the first two died of bubonic plague, transmitted by rodent flea bites, while the third died of pneumonic plague, the most deadly version, which is transmitted between humans.

Ugarte outbreak blamed the burning of agricultural land and crops including sugar cane, which he said has led to the arrival of rodent pests of the people.

No more fatalities

Officials of the World Health Organization (WHO) working with the Peruvian authorities to contain the outbreak ensured that cases are being processed at this time are not fatal.

According to these officials, most of the cases reported so far are a mixture of bubonic plague and pneumonic.

The BBC correspondent in Peru, Dan Collyns, explained that pest extermination teams have been deployed in high risk areas and have taken steps to limit the risk of an epidemic.

The last outbreak of bubonic plague in northern Peru was in 1994, killing 35 people and infected more than a thousand.